Cardboard Darwinism & Double Transference

"Cardboard Darwinism," writes biologist Stephen Jay Gould in an essay of the same name, "is a reductionist, one-way theory about the grafting of information from environment upon organism," or what amounts to a form of biological determinism. Gould's critique of this hollowed-out version of Darwin's theory comes in the context of a larger critical appraisal … Continue reading Cardboard Darwinism & Double Transference

Dialectical Ecology

"If we dig precious things from the land, we will invite disaster." Thus reads one of the Hopi prophecies which echo throughout Philip Glass's haunting soundtrack for Koyaanisqatsi (1982). As those familiar with Godfrey Reggio's cult film know, the title itself refers to "a state of life that calls for another way of living," a … Continue reading Dialectical Ecology

Two World Views of the Russian Revolution

The Russian Revolution: A View from the Third World (Verso, 2018) compiles a series of lectures given by Walter Rodney, the black Guyanese radical, at the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania. (Jesse Benjamin and Robin D.G. Kelley have done amazing work in editing and presenting these lectures as a book.) Writing from the … Continue reading Two World Views of the Russian Revolution